24th ASMIHA Coverage: Protect Eve from Cardiovascular Disease
JAKARTA --- The dangers of cardiovascular disease (CVD) still haunts the women folk until today. Almost nine million women in the world die each year from such diseases. Gender bias, lack of awareness of women's heart health to the lack of attention from medical personel with atypical symptoms of CVD in women are the main factors that contribute to the high mortality rate. Therefore, clear guidelines regarding governance prevention of CVD in women can become key efforts to suppress the mortality rate of women. This topic became one focus of discussion at the 24th ASMIHA.
The management of CVD prevention should cover the entire population, both populations with low risk factors and high risk factors. The Women Cardiology Working Group of Indonesia Heart Assosciation this year classify women CVD risk into three groups namely ideal cardiovascular health, CVD risk, and high risk of CVD. For developing countries such as Indonesia, WHO recommends the use of CVD Risk Prediction Chart. It is able to estimate the risk of CVD in the next 10 years. The estimation results will be used as consideration for clinicians to provide education, changing lifestyles, and provide therapy for the patient.
There are three types of interventions, namely lifestyle intervention, a major risk factor intervention and drug intervention. Lifestyle intervention means to motivate the entire population of women in order to have a healthy lifestyle. Healthy lifestyle includes physical activity plan, changing dietary patterns, and stop habits that become a risk factor for CVD. The main risk factors interventions include control of blood pressure, diabetes, and lipids in the female population at risk of CVD and high risk of CVD. Meanwhile, drug interventions aimed at preventing the incidence of thromboembolism and stroke, as well as extend the CVD progression into heart failure. With a good understanding of clinicians regarding prevention of CVD, expected mortality and morbidity due to CVD women may be decreased soon.
Modified from Media Aesculapius by KM, Edited by Su